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你了解殯葬行業嗎?

  有0人瀏覽   日期:2019-11-09

文章摘要:  殯葬服務行業內外殯葬服務對象的定義不明確,在殯葬服務行業出現了“為死者掙錢”等不恰當的表述。殯葬服務的對象是喪親,對“喪親”作為服務對象的認識受到殯葬服務過程中客觀現象和喪親客觀因素的影響,形成對殯葬服務對象的誤解。明確殯葬服務的對象不僅是殯葬理論工作的理論準備,也是提升殯葬行業自身形象的需要。......

  殯葬服務行業內外殯葬服務對象的定義不明確,在殯葬服務行業出現了“為死者掙錢”等不恰當的表述。殯葬服務的對象是喪親,對“喪親”作為服務對象的認識受到殯葬服務過程中客觀現象和喪親客觀因素的影響,形成對殯葬服務對象的誤解。明確殯葬服務的對象不僅是殯葬理論工作的理論準備,也是提升殯葬行業自身形象的需要。

  The definition of funeral service object inside and outside the funeral service industry is not clear, and there are some inappropriate expressions such as "making money for the dead" in the funeral service industry. The object of funeral service is bereavement. The understanding of "bereavement" as the service object is influenced by the objective phenomenon and objective factors in the process of funeral service, forming a misunderstanding of the service object. To clarify the object of funeral service is not only the theoretical preparation of funeral theoretical work, but also the need to improve the image of funeral industry itself.

  隨著人們物質文化需求的上升,各行各業都在努力滿足這種需求以獲得自身的發展,殯葬業也不例外。在全國各級民政部門的指導下,殯葬行業為我國社會發展和殯葬改革工作做出了巨大貢獻。然而,也缺乏成就,最明顯的是巨額喪葬利潤的演講危機。公眾對這一問題的熱情,除了自身牟取暴利的因素之外,更重要的是因為公眾對殯葬服務對象的誤解,認為殯葬行業“為死者掙錢”,也賺了很多錢。

  With the rise of people's material and cultural needs, all walks of life are trying to meet this demand to achieve their own development, funeral industry is no exception. Under the guidance of civil affairs departments at all levels in China, the funeral industry has made great contributions to the social development and funeral reform in China. However, there is also a lack of achievement, the most obvious is the speech crisis of huge funeral profits. The public's enthusiasm for this issue, in addition to its own profiteering factors, is more important because of the public's misunderstanding of the funeral service object, that the funeral industry "makes money for the dead", but also makes a lot of money.

  殯葬業掙錢的目標是什么?問題的實質是殯葬服務對象的確認。殯葬服務對象的確定不僅是甄別“巨額殯葬利潤”的理論工具,也是殯葬業可持續發展的理論課題,是殯葬理論自身建立的要求。

  What is the goal of the funeral industry to make money? The essence of the problem is to confirm the objects of funeral service. The determination of funeral service objects is not only a theoretical tool to distinguish "huge funeral profits", but also a theoretical subject for the sustainable development of funeral industry, which is the requirement for the establishment of funeral theory itself.

  殯葬服務工具包括運尸車、火化爐、墳墓等。整個工作過程主要集中在尸體上,這是殯葬服務行業不同于其他行業的特殊性。這也是為什么有些人認為殯葬服務的對象是死者或包括死者(尸體)在內的主要影響因素。這些人把殯葬服務的對象和殯葬服務的對象混在一起。長沙民政學院殯葬系主任王夫子也持這種觀點:“殯葬服務業是一個特殊的服務業。它的特殊性在于所有服務行業都直接為活人服務,但殯葬服務行業的直接服務對象是死者(已故者),間接服務對象是活人。因為殯葬服務最終是為了滿足活人的心理需求,所以殯葬服務更重要的對象仍然是活人。”事實上,葬禮服務的對象是活人,而且只有活人。

  Funeral service tools include body carrier, crematorium, tomb, etc. The whole working process is mainly focused on the corpse, which is the particularity of funeral service industry different from other industries. This is also why some people think that the funeral service is aimed at the dead or the main influencing factors including the dead (corpse)。 These people mix the objects of funeral services with those of funeral services. Wang Fuzi, chairman of the funeral Department of Changsha Civil Affairs College, also holds this view: "funeral service industry is a special service industry. Its particularity lies in that all service industries directly serve the living, but the direct service object of funeral service industry is the dead (the deceased), and the indirect service object is the living. Because funeral services are ultimately to meet the psychological needs of living people, the more important object of funeral services is still living people. " In fact, funeral services are for the living, and only the living.

  死亡后收斂和火化過程的操作對象是尸體,但“死”和“尸體”是兩個完全不同的概念,“死”是一個通稱,“尸體”是一種具有實質性意義的物質,是殯葬服務的主要操作對象。如果不區分“死”和“尸體”兩個概念,對殯葬服務對象的理解就會受到阻礙,甚至被誤解。葬禮服務理想過程中的一個常見例子是“某某人的追悼會”。這種表述忽略了“某某”作為一種重要的活著的狀態“死了”的定義。從服務對象來看,幾乎所有的服務項目都與尸體或骨灰有關,讓人覺得殯葬過程的對象似乎是“某某”。因此,“為死者掙錢”、“為死者吃東西”和“為死者掙錢”的說法應運而生。

  The operation object of convergence and cremation process after death is corpse, but "death" and "corpse" are two completely different concepts, "death" is a general term, "corpse" is a material with substantial significance, and is the main operation object of funeral service. If we do not distinguish the two concepts of "death" and "corpse", the understanding of the funeral service object will be hindered or even misunderstood. A common example of the ideal process of funeral service is "someone's memorial service". This statement ignores the definition of "dead" as an important living state. From the perspective of service objects, almost all services are related to corpses or ashes, which makes people feel that the object of funeral process seems to be "so and so". Therefore, "making money for the dead", "eating for the dead" and "making money for the dead" came into being.


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